Utilizing the Rich Heritage of Philippine Agriculture through Native Chicken Production
I am Jorge Dominguez, 24 years old, a graduate of Agriculture and currently finishing my graduate study specializing in Animal Breeding and Genetics. As a member of Dream Agritech Consultancy Services, we are one in the belief that farmers should be empowered through capacity building and providing support if necessary. Our vision is to help anyone plant, grow and harvest. We want to be able to share what we have learned and experience to enable the farmers access to scientific and sustainable methods of farming.
Southeast Asia is considered the center of domestication of chicken. According to recent studies, the Philippine native chicken might be the progenitor of the domestic chicken.
Native chicken production is an integral part of farming in the rural areas in the Philippines. This serves as a source of protein and provides additional income.
There are eight Philippine native chicken breeds and there are many still being identified today. One of them is called the Banaba native chicken. Banaba is an indigenous chicken found in the Quezon and Batangas provinces, northern part of the Philippines. According to the latest findings, the Banaba shows promising characteristics in terms of egg production and growth.
However, production of native chickens has become unpopular to farmers due to the advancement in commercial chicken production. Although commercial chicken strains have good reproduction and production qualities, the breeding of these types of chicken are solely in the hands of big breeding companies. This makes the Philippines a captive market.
Additionally, the importation of costly raw materials for feeds, supplements and veterinary inputs to achieve the commercial chickens’ maximum potential makes it hard for poor farmers to achieve high profit margins. Moreover, these chickens are susceptible to heat stress, making it unsuitable for production for smallhold farmers since they cannot provide good housing that can help cool the chicken in these tropical conditions.
These issues are the primary motivation in crafting this proposal.
We believe that native chicken production in the rural areas should be revitalized and popularized. Based on our experience and observations, we saw a great potential on these underutilized local genetic resources.
These chickens are well adapted to the tropical condition and usually raised under a scavenging system. They are perceived to be tolerant with the common chicken diseases and parasites. The meat of native chicken is increasingly preferred because of its suitability in native dishes and can be considered as a healthy alternative to commercial chicken meat due to fewer antibiotics and artificial hormones present in the chicken’s system.
The price for a kilogram of native chicken is also higher compared to the commercial chicken. Regrettably, there are no clear national breeding programs being implemented in the native chicken and there are also few reliable sources of breeding stocks currently available.
Our group will develop a breeding program that aims to produce dual-purpose (meat and egg type) Banaba chicken.
The project will adopt a two-tier breeding scheme which consists of an open nucleus farm and a multiplier/production farm. The nucleus farm will be the birthplace of the improved Banaba chicken and will serve as its development center. It will also be designed to serve as a model farm for the dual purpose Banaba production. Initially, all breeding activities will be exclusively performed in the nucleus farm. After purification, the improved Banaba line will be distributed to the multiplier/production farm in the identified community. The role of the multiplier farm will be the mass production of the improved Banaba and can also be a source of breeding stocks for the nucleus farm. We are aiming for sustainability.
The project will also implement a community-based farming for our multiplier farms. The project aims to provide training and assistance in production techniques. The proposed project will focus on alleviating the major constraints in native chicken production such as low quality stocks and high input/ equipment costs. This can be achieved by providing the farmer the necessary knowledge and introducing new technologies that are suited and can be easily adapted.
The grant will help finance the production of high quality breeding stocks, improved forage production, improved incubator and brooding equipment, Vermiculture (composting using African Nightcrawlers) using chicken waste and other income generating activities related to chicken production.
The firm has already developed the breeding plan for the development of the dual purpose Banaba chicken, a profitability analysis of a 50-hen module and we have a farm ready to be developed as a nucleus farm.
The nucleus farm will be located in the Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines. The capital investment for the establishment of the nucleus farm will be $2,500. This includes the purchase of breeder stocks ($1,090), housing ($455), incubator ($682) and brooding ($227) equipment, and setting up the forage area ($46). The $1,000 will be used for the production and operating costs of the nucleus farm. The remaining $1,500 will be used in conducting the training and assistance in farm inputs and equipment for the multiplier farms.
The first year of the project will be focusing on the establishment of the nucleus farm, and the development of the dual purpose Banaba chicken. Before the end of the first year, multiplier farms will be identified in the rural areas around Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines. The number of improved Banaba chicken, genetic improvement of the Banaba chicken, and number of identified multiplier/production farm will be the indicator of success for the first year.
The second year will focus on the training of the identified farmers. The farms will also be improved in order to enhance the capacity of the farmers to produce the improved Banaba chicken. After the completion of training and enhancement of the farm, dispersal of the dual purpose Banaba chicken will commence. The performance of the Banaba chicken under the multiplier farm, improvement of the farm and the profit of the multiplier farm will be the main indicator of success for the second year.
The project will be further expanded with the income that will be generated in the sales of the breeding stocks. This project will also show the profitability of investing in native chicken genetic improvement and production.
Through this project, we will be able to raise awareness about the Banaba chicken and help bolster its profile as a great alternative to commercial chicken. Add to the fact that this will be produced by rural farmers; helping them profit from this and encouraging other rural areas to adapt this type of production system.
Our group is committed to preserve and promote the rich heritage of the Philippine Agriculture by advocating Philippine native chicken production.
Blogpost submitted by Jorge Dominguez (Philippines) – jorgemichael.dominguez(at)gmail.com
Photo courtesy: Prof. Medino Gedeun N.Yebron, Jr (Project of Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of the Different Genetic Groups of Philippine Native Chicken)
The content, structure and grammar is at the discretion of the author only.
This post is published as proposal #17 of “YAP” – our “Youth Agripreneur Project”.
The first selection of the winners will be based on the number of comments, likes and views each proposal gets.
As a reader, you can support this speaker’s entry:
- Leave a comment (question, suggestion,..) on this project in the comment field at the bottom of this page
- Support the post by clicking the “Like” button below (only possible for those with a WordPress.com account)
- Spread this post via your social media channels, using the hashtag: #GCARD3
Have a look at the other “YAP” proposals too!
As a donor, support young agripreneurs and sponsor this unique project. Check out the side column for our current sponsors.
“YAP” is part of the #GCARD3 process, the third Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development.