I am Ernest Lucas Hizza, 37, a Lecturer at Moshi Co-operative University. The impacts of climate change are evident all over the world and the group that are most threatened by are females and children. This is due to the limited options for livelihood diversification especially those living in rural areas.
Female-headed household in my village (Vuga village in Lushoto district) are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change because they mostly depending on rain-fed agriculture, which is no longer stable due to changes in rainfall amount and patterns.
Forest degradation in the area has greatly impacted the agricultural sector in the village because of loss of fertile soil uphill (Plate 1). Currently the government of Tanzania is emphasizing tree planning in the country as a mitigation strategy to climate change impacts as well as restoring the degraded forests.
However, in the village, there are no tree nurseries that communities, NGOs, churches and mosques can buy and fulfil the tree planting strategy, as directed by the government.
Plate 1: Evidence of Forest Degradation in Lunguza Hamlet in the Village that need Restoration to Restore the Lost Glory
This project intends to identify ten female-headed households in the village and establish two groups of five females each who are willing to establish tree nurseries.
First, the groups will be trained in entrepreneurship and development, so as to change their mind to be entrepreneurs and feel that the tree nurseries project is a potential economic activity that could improve significantly their economic status.
This project will be sustainable because it will result in direct economic gain to the group members who have limited options to other economic activities. Moreover, the nature of the project will allow them to engage in cultivating food crops for their families.
The project will have both social and economic impact because families will be able to pay for social services (e.g. health, schools, buying food from the income they are getting) but also improving their shelter. Economically, they will gain direct income from selling tree seedlings.
Most female households in my village are very poor to the extent that getting even a single meal in a day it is a problem. This is mainly influenced by limited option to other livelihood options that requires capital for investment.
This project could reduce the poverty level and hence improved wellbeing of female headed households. The project will have a direct gain to the community because they will sell tree seedlings but also they will conserve the environment.
To me this project is important because I will be part and parcel of solving rural community problems, which are accelerating poverty in the country.
First, the project will start by identifying ten female-headed households and formation of two groups in the village. This will be followed by training on entrepreneurship and development skills.
Furthermore, establishing a farm field school on how to establish tree nurseries (this step will be done by an extension officer).
Lastly, each group will be provided with tree seedlings, gumboots, soil packaging bags, pesticides, and some equipment for irrigation.
Already I have a farm that can be used by these groups to implement the project.
The project measureable factors will be to see if the groups were formulated, tree nurseries were established, selling of tree seedlings to the community and sustainability of the project.
The project success will be measured based on selling of the tree seedlings, tree planting in the village and nearby villages, and the existence of tree nurseries.
The project is expected to cost a total amount of USD 5,000 as per breakdown below:-
- Identification and formation of groups: USD 500/= 7 days
- Training on entrepreneurship and development skills USD 500/= 4 days
- Establish farm field school USD 500/= 30 days
- Purchasing of tree seedlings and implementation gears USD 2500/= 5 days
- Project Monitoring USD 1000/= 1 year
Blogpost and picture submitted by Ernest Lucas Hizza (Tanzania): ernestlucasi[at]gmail.com
The content, structure and grammar are at the discretion of the author only.
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