GFAR blog

YAP proposal #109: Palm oil and palm kernel commercial production (Uboh Ubong Israel, Nigeria)

MMII_Crop (1)

My name is Uboh Ubong Israel a native of Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State Nigeria born on 2/01/1983, a graduate of Mechanical Engineering Technology.

Modern processing of oil palm fruit bunches into edible oil is practised using various methods, which may be grouped into four categories according to their throughput and degree of complexity. We aim for the most recent and modernized technology to achieve this.

Palm oil and palm kernel processing involve many different procedures. Therefore, the ability to make machinery that can handle the many unit operations involved is indicative of a general ability to produce processing machines for a more output of palm oil and palm kernel. This being the major occupation of the rural community of Abak Local Government, my focus is to purchase and process the fresh palm fruit from thousand of palm plantation hectares cultivated in the entire Abak local Government, to tonnes of fresh palm oil and palm kernel, which will go into local and international sales.

Processing oil palm fruits for edible oil has been practised in Africa for thousands of years. And the oil produced, highly coloured and flavoured, is an essential ingredient in much traditional West African cuisine. The traditional process is simple, but tedious and inefficient giving rise to my innovation to setup the modernized processing facility.

Because of its economic importance as a high-yielding source of edible and technical oils, the oil palm is now grown as a plantation crop in most countries with high rainfall (minimum 1,600 mm/y) in tropical climates within 10° of the equator. The palm bears its fruit in bunches varying in weight from 10 to 40 kg. The individual fruit, ranging from 6 to 20 g, are made up of an outer skin (the exocarp), a pulp (mesocarp) containing the palm oil in a fibrous matrix; a central nut consisting of a shell (endocarp); and the kernel, which itself contains an oil, quite different to palm oil, resembling coconut oil.

My major motivating factor is the fact that palm oil and palm kernel is a source of livelihood of my immediate communities and the inability of the local farmers to fully explore this economic tree to compete in the international market. By setting up the proposed plant, the production capacity will increased and all the yearly harvested palm fruit will be purchased and processed without much hassle.

PALM55How do we achieve this? Palm fruit harvest is a daily activity in these communities from numerous plantations, considering the stress of processing. The traditional method most local farmers rather prefer selling the palm fruits, with our well equipped factory we will buy the fruits around these communities to boost our production capacity of 2–5 tonnes per hour. Our team of marketers will always go around the communities to buy the fruits on daily basis to feed the plant to the expected output.

At the moment, we have acquired a land in Abak Local Government for the proposed palm processing mill and also paid for the processing plant from the local manufacturers, and also make provisions for installations. Currently, we own about five mini-mills around the region.

From our cash-flow analysis one tonne of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) is estimated at N 25,000 (USD 83.3). The fresh palm oil, palm kernel, palm kernel oil, and palm kernel cake derived from the processing will give us an estimated return of N 105,000 (USD 315.55). The market for the these is huge, sustainable, and expanding. The estimated size of the local market is put at about N 3 billion for palm oil N 4.4 billion for palm kernel oil, while the market for palm kernel cake is estimated at N 3.3billion. These products are all embedded in the fresh fruit bunch.

Budget (USD 5,000)

Purchase of fresh fruit bunch USD 4,500

Purchase of diesel for operation USD 100

Transportation of fresh fruit bunch to factory USD 100

Deployment of casual staff activities USD 200

Power grid and water board bill USD 100


Blogpost and picture submitted by Uboh Ubong Israel (Nigeria): yaledongeorge[at]

The content, structure and grammar are at the discretion of the author only.

This post is published as proposal #109 of “YAP” – our “Youth Agripreneur Project”.

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45 thoughts on “YAP proposal #109: Palm oil and palm kernel commercial production (Uboh Ubong Israel, Nigeria)”

    1. Presently, market price of palm oil ranges between 220 and 250 naira per liter. For the purpose of market penetration and acceptance, we plan selling at 4,375(25litres) to distributors so as to allow them a good profit margin. Therefore we will sell at 175/liter. Also the present palm kernel price is N50/kilogram and our weekly turnout of palm kernel is 2960kg, therefore there will be 11840kg per month, you can visit our mini palm in Abak.

      1. Hello Uboh Uboh

        Please update me via email your current best price per litre for wholesale price, minimum quantitty 10tons of red palm oil – Delivery Location- Isoko near Ughelli Delta State
        Peter John Emasiobi

  1. Interestingly, the palm oil seed use beyond cooking recipe, it used for much wide range of utility product if harnessed properly… ABSTRACT
    The fatty acid profile of palm kernel was analyzed by the use of Gas Chromatographic spectrometry. The result revealed the presence of fatty acid and esters in the
    palm kernel oil.

    1. david you are absolutely correct, we are working tirelessly to fully harnessed the palm fruit.

  2. It makes more sense when one is able to give a startistic analysis on both capital investment and profits margin. The most important part of any business done anywhere in the world is how you can see a return of your investment. I recommend this proposal to be NO1 priority choice.

  3. Good one. This will help the rural farmers and also help develop the community.
    The earlier we go back to agriculture, the better for us.

  4. I come from an area in Abia state Nigeria – neighbors to Akwa-Ibom state where local palm oil and palm kernel production is the major source of livelihood. The major draw back is the laborious method it takes to produce by the locals. So this proposal is very good. Local farmers will prefer to sell the fruits rather than go through the labour intensive methods. Infact, local plantation owners will prefer to sell for periods of time so you can harvest directly from the plantation. With a good modernized plant, you will be doing a lot by improving thw living standards of this local producers.

    1. Pastor chidi this is true our major aim is to make life easy for our people as we also plan to set up our own plantation for sustainability, thankyou sir.

    1. tanks tusi the scope of the project is big but we have to start by processing and gradually expand into cultivating hectares of plantation and also manufacturing the end product of palm oil and palm kernel.

    1. Nice job Eng. Ubong. I need a complete business plan and wouldn’t mind partnering with you.

  5. It’s a fantastic project. For a developing country like nigeria self reliance is the need of the hour and such projects help the march towards progress.Hope you achieve success in your endeavours. All the best!!!!

  6. This is very nice.In fact I have gotten enough information. I so much like the idea that one can see the end of his profit before embarking on this kind of project. Kudos to the writer.

  7. Kudos for a job well done. Am in interested in investing on these and wouldn’t mind partnering with you over time. Can I have a full business plan on these?

  8. Dear Ubong,
    Nice ideas and great investment for all season.

    However, let’s be original as I can see you’ve plagiarised a similar write up by FAO.

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