GFAR blog

YAP Proposal #84 “Rejuvenating Declining Citrus Orchard” (Madan Poudel, Nepal)

Dark days for Citrus Growers

As a boy, I used to run up and down the hill, through terraces of sun-kissed citrus trees. Ever since I remember, I worked in the orchard with my parents planting mandarins in summer, picking up the fruits and carrying it for market in homemade bamboo basket. As I joined my Bachelors in agriculture, I realized that the most part of the farm in which I lived was disappearing, production was declining. Not only my farm, now whole Nepal’s citrus farm lies in peril and citrus grower’s livelihood is in jeopardy. Some of the reason behind the decline are Phypthopthora disease, citrus greening disease, citrus Tristiza disease, poor orchard management and low quality planting materials. These reasons of decline are bringing dark days among citrus growers in Nepal.

Farm, My Love

I am Madan Poudel, 23 years old citriculture entrepreneur. My farm lies in rural village located 30 KM west of Pokhara which is a favorite destination of tourists and mandarin is a major product from my district. In my orchard I have 150 mandarin plants and 50 other citrus plants spread in the 1.5 ha of land. My mandarin plants haven’t received any external fertilizers and agro-chemicals except bordeaux mixture. We have large patch of land covered with forest and we make compost manures out of collected plant leaves and debris mixing with the livestock dung.

The region in which we grow citrus is totally rain fed and different climatic stresses have been felt. As irrigation being critical part of citrus farming, last year we constructed water harvesting pond with use of local resources which helps to irrigate my farm in dry seasons. I believe that my future lies in this farm, continuing the existing family business by expanding the farm tackling the threats of citrus growers through local research and innovation.

Meeting the Increasing Demand

If we see the present context citrus shares 36 percent of the total fruit production in Nepal. (FDD, 2007/08). Among citrus, mandarin orange alone shares about 67 percent of total citrus production. Citrus cultivation in mid-hill region have now become business proposition and many pocket areas of citrus cultivation have already been developed. Syangja, which enjoys the virtue of being called an orange grove in the country, has sold mandarins worth more than Rs 260 million in the first half of current fiscal year 2015/16 grown in 1,250 hectare of land.

The benefit cost ratio of mandarin is comparatively higher than other fruits and vegetable crops which makes this business attractive besides the late return on investment. This year we harvested 6 tons of mandarins with total sale of one hundred thousand Nepalese rupees. There is a huge gap between the production and demand of mandarins in Nepal. Most of the Nepalese mandarins will not last for more than 3 months and recently Indian and Chinese mandarins are holding major market share.

The District Agriculture Development Office (DADO) of Department of Agriculture has youth entrepreneurs focused programs and provides subsidies on agriculture tools with essential technical support. Nepalese mandarins are in the process of export after sanitary and phytosanitary agreement between Nepal and China convincing farmers to follow proper Package of Practices (PoPs) and produce quality mandarins meeting quality/international standards. The construction of rural road nearby my farm and increasing local market demand add further prospects of growing mandarins.


Crafting the business plan

I am planning to expand the farm in additional 3 ha of land which we have recently leased. I would like to plant around 500 additional mandarin grafting saplings of the trifoliate rootstocks which is found to be moderately resistant for citrus greening and root rot. The additional 100 other citrus plant of different varieties will be planted which will maintain the diversity of citrus species in the farm and aids in carrying farm based research. Ginger, turmeric and coffee will be planted as intercrop for diversifying income source in initial year of orchard establishment. The rice bean will be sowed for live mulching which also increase the fertility of soil.

Our entire plan for next 2 years will be to reduce the level of infestation of different citrus diseases by planting resistant grafting varieties, removing the old/decayed citrus plants, refilling with new grafting saplings, healthy management of orchard, integrated pest management and increasing the farm income by product packaging & labelling, establishment of drip irrigation system and water harvesting tanks in the orchard. Along with extensive investments into water filter jugs for our orchard.

I need a startup fund to support the establishment cost of new orchard, drip irrigation system for irrigating existing orchard and product packaging and labelling technology for increased value addition reducing post-harvest losses.

With the funding from the YAP I am planning to invest:

300 USD on buying 300 grafted saplings for establishment of new orchard and refilling in old orchard.
1500 USD on installing drip irrigation system.
2000 USD will be used for required for establishment of cellar cold store by the use of locally available resources which can store the fruits for one month which provides competitive advantage on market.
500 USD will be allocated for the management practices for labor cost and buying organic manures and bio pesticides.
700 USD will be invested in the packaging and labelling of fruits with essential post-harvest non-chemical treatments to be marketed in the markets of Pokhara, Butwal and Kathmandu cities.

The outcome of the investment on irrigation system, construction of low cost storage house and product packaging/labelling will be on increase in the production and total sale by the value addition. The return on investment on newly established orchard will be 4-5 years but the returns can be achieved from the production of ginger, turmeric and coffee as intercrop in the initial phase of orchard establishment.

This rural entrepreneurship project creates employment opportunities for young rural peoples and strengthen the women participation with development of entrepreneurship among themselves. The project will be completed in year but will have sustainable impact. Pit digging in the month of April, planting of new saplings in the month of July, preparation of cold cellar storage in the month of September, product packaging and labeling in the month of October and establishment of drip irrigation in the month of November.

Dream for my Motherland

I believe that there is an exciting future ahead in the rural village, where I can improve the living standards of people attracting them towards the profitable mandarin business with mentorship, networking and entrepreneurship development. I have a strong desire that very soon in future I will be living my happier life in rural village connecting with global market establishing the cooperative citrus farm with increased production integrating agri-tourism and citrus processing industry and certifying the product as fully organic.

Blogpost and picture submitted by Madan Poudel (Nepal) – cashsee.maddy[at]

The content, structure and grammar is at the discretion of the author only.

This post is published as proposal #84 of “YAP” – our “Youth Agripreneur Project”.

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726 thoughts on “YAP Proposal #84 “Rejuvenating Declining Citrus Orchard” (Madan Poudel, Nepal)”

    1. Thank you so much Anish Bro ! I hope this blog will be successful in picking up the readers interest going through the writing and sharing their insights . 🙂

  1. Reblogged this on afusite and commented:
    तपाईको एक साथ जसले जिताउन सक्छ एक नेपाली युवाको सोच, आफ्नै गाउ ठाउँमा बसेर नेपाली सुन्तला विश्व बजारमा परिचित गराउने . तल दिएको Link खोलेर त्यहा तल भएको कमेन्ट box मा आफ्नो अमुल्य सुझाब दीई सहयोग गरौ ! Share गर्नुहोला जतिसक्दो !
    धन्यवाद ! !
    जय कृषि ~!!!

  2. It’s the true picture of Western part of Nepal. Even, our citrus farm of 400, is in devastating condtition due to this declining. This proposal really worth the condition of citrus farmers from western Nepal.

    1. Sailesh Sigdel yeah ! these farms is in need of youth like us who knows how to tackle with it ! Most of the mid-hills farmers are illiterate, they don’t know about these problems what taking their plants away. Management is critically important in citrus orchard and most citrus growers don’t follow it. So it’s spreading rapidly.

    2. One of the reason behind the citrus decline is citrus greening which has no known cure till date. Candidatus Liberibacter is the causal agent for citrus greening disease, which is also known as the Asian Huanglongbing (HLB). This destructive disease is transmitted by the psyllid vector Diaphorina citri in Asia. The leaves become yellow, with dark green patches with mottlings and fruit becomes small, sour and juiceless. Most of the citrus farmers use seedlings as planting material and they do not follow any management practices in orchard which is the major for increasing declining rate.

  3. You’ve incorporated intercrops like ginger, turmeric that can fetch income in short period of time while waiting for citrus harvest, I can see you’ve gone through details of farm activities like a true Agripeneur !!
    I won’t be surprised if you won this fund 🙂
    🙂 🙂

    1. Hey Shramila, Thank you so much for your constructive comment. Yeah, Ginger, Turmeric are high valued crops and fetch good price in the market, This will surely help me to get returns on the investment within 3-4 years planting those catch crops !
      See you around !

    1. Thanks Sangita for sharing your thoughts.
      You have raised a critical issue here. Rural people are not exposed to any income generating opportunities and they are subsistence based. Once the technological interventions reached to the rural villages, they will surely be encouraged to follow or startup on their own enterprises.


  4. Madan,
    Your concept of reviving the declining oranges production in Nepal is great. You represented the true scenatio of western midhills. Although citrus holds a strong position in agriculture prespective plabs abd agriculture development strategy, it’s research and development is truely missing . Graduates people like you should see this opportunity as a bright prospect to solve this problem. Good luck with it.


    1. Hello Sagar,

      There is very limited research ongoing about the citrus in Nepal. There were many scientific research and interventions during one village one product program and citrus development program but now the research is limited. Thanks for pointing it out.
      Heartily appreciate your comments !


  5. Excellent write up Madan. Two key point from the above:
    1. agri-tourism and
    2.citrus processing industry ….Can this be critically envisage in form of training for organizations, institutions like universities, college of agric etc to visit for knowledge addition and practical exposure and can as well be an internship opening for agric students.

    1. Hello Agboola,


      Agri-tourism and processing industry are capital intensive and this is my future plan. My place holds the strong potential for the tourism as being located nearby the famous tourist destination of Nepal.

      The organic farm integrating agri-tourism will certainly create lots of opportunities for internship, research, practical exposure and many more.. making it a global village.


  6. A very realistic and much needed mindset for minimizing the havoc of the citrus greening disease which is causing devastating effect especially in the eastern and western mid hills of Nepal. I loved the idea of the cellar storage construction through the use of local resources. WIth the disease spreading across Nepal in great pace, Is the storage plan feasible in all parts of mid-hills of Nepal, where the infrastructure and resource is not feasible everywhere??

    1. Thanks Sujan !

      My idea for cellar storage is a locally made storehouse where we can maintain temperature and humidity. As of my knowledge, Sand, mulches works perfect for maintaining the temperature. If you have any ideas on cold storage you can share, I would love to hear it from you !

      With Regards,

  7. Good one Madan

    Citrus cultivation in mid hills has become an increasing attraction for business propositions and many pockets of citrus production has already been developed. The recent threats is proper orchard management which is major reason for the decline.. Hope you will discover the strategy to cope with it !

    1. Thanks AgriYouthNepal,

      Really, Citrus holds potential to develop the mid-hills people living standard of Nepal. If you see, there are lots of orchards that were established 10-15 years ago, that is starting to giving production now. Citrus generally starts giving good harvest after 8-10 years in Nepal as most of them are of seed origin. There is a need to shift to graftings for early harvest and its important in prespectives of disease management too..


  8. nice bro!!! keep it up,we can.Certainly We will become independent for other country for citrus fruit in future.

    1. Hello Bipin Sathi,

      Thank you so much

      To be independent it’s critical to build the capacity of citrus growers with effective technologies and research.
      I am as hopeful as you are to be independent in citrus soon..


  9. Keep fighting the battle Madan! With your dedication you can turn the situation around. All the best with it.

  10. As i read i could picture of the citrus in my head. It good to note that this is something you are already doing and you have factored into your budget remedies for both biotic and abiotic stress in terms of irrigation, fertilizer etc. I believe you will do a great job if you get this funding. All the best

    1. Thanks Olawaleojo !

      I am hopeful that this investment will help me to tackle the present challenges of biotic and abiotic stresses.


  11. All the best Madan!! You have written that your focus will be on planting virus resistant plants. How will you get them? Are there any roles of universities or research stations of Nepal in your proposed project?

    1. Thanks Niraj dai,
      I am planning to get the saplings (grafting with trifoliate rootstock )from the Agriculture Service Centre

      Yeah, they have major role in research and extension and their role is very limited in the citrus develoment program…


  12. I heartly appreciate your passion over agrienterprenuership.Your vision of citrus orchard establishment is really an inspiration for meand hope that your attempt will encourage lots of progressive farmers,agriculturists,and especially the youth which are not realizing that there is great money in our own homeland.I hope if your dream came true then you will motivate others too.Best of luck my friend….

  13. Very ambitious project Madan. Citrus is the trademark of Syangja but the disease has lopsided its production. You could be a nationwide distributor of resistant sapling through this endeavor. Pursue it relentlessly, you could succeed someday.

  14. Well done madan ! happy to see young enterpreuneur like you. your activity really encourage and motivate many youth of Nepal.

  15. Madan,

    Wish you all the best for your work. At so young age you have achieved so much. I hope you contribute a lot to farming and agriculture in your country.

    Best Regards
    Nikki Pilania Chaudhary
    Dairy Farmer

    1. Hello Nikki,

      Thank you so much for your comments,

      I believe I am never too young to start anything..

      Hope it will lead me to reach my destination,


  16. An unique project to cope the climatic stress effect in mid hills. I see how the changing climate has been affecting your area. There is a need for water harvesting techniques and technologies for water resource use efficiency

  17. Hey Madan dai,

    Nice to see your project idea fighting globally.
    You stand as a perfect leader for changing the present scenario of agriculture giving it the fresh prespectives of youth. Rural areas are increasingly being empty and the land are becoming useless. I strongly suggest you to head to your village and start rebuilding the empty spaces with your innovation and ideas.
    Good luck

    1. Thanks Sandesh..
      It’s a big battle here. Exactly Sandesh, rural migration is the big issue in Nepal. We need to develop entrepreneurship in villages so we can bring those migrated youth back

  18. Madan, good job. You are doing so much volunteering activities but keep it in mind that you should have cash to get start anything. Make sure it gives you nice return in long run. I like your idea of growing ginger and turmeric as a catch crop during the early days of your orchard..
    Good luck with it

    1. Hello Samyam,
      Thanks for your words. I have got a multistakeholder business plan for a long run.
      Yeah, growing catch crops will surely reduce the years for ROI.

  19. You are the local innovative leader who wants to start with small things to turn the big positive impact. Good luck man !

  20. Wao, I see your long vision for your farm. I specially like your ending sentence of your eagerness to make your village a model global organic village. Nice initiative, Good luck with it

  21. Dear Madan Poudel,

    I appreciate your efforts and enthusiasm to work in rural areas. If there is one thing that concerns me today is no rural people should be deprived.. The people like you are strong pillars for foundation of sustainable rural development.

  22. Keep holding the flag of Nepal and spread the beauty dude ! Congratulations on your initiative and good luck ahead

  23. Madan, You have done so much of activities from YPARD and you are going to make your Integrated Rural Development dream come true. Good luck

  24. Only few mandarin growers know about the citrus management practices and most of them still grow the plants from seedliings. This needs to be change for reviving the citrus decline.

    1. Exactly Mr. Shrestha,

      Most of the citrus growers are small holder farmers and they do not have access to information about management of citrus decline.

  25. I like your dream of opening the processing company. Keep growing and you will certainly reach there soon. Good luck Madan

  26. As you said, you are in rainfed areas, how would you be able to install drip irrigation system? Do you have any alternative source of water in your village?

    1. Dear Arjun Sir,

      Thanks for your query.

      I am planning to utilize the tapwater which is most often left useless to collect water in water harvesting tank. Also I will harvest the rainwater in the pond.
      Alternative source is stream water which is 1KM far from my location..


  27. When I visit mandarin farms from midhills still many farmers grow maize, millet, cucurbits inside the farm which is harmful for citrus production and increases the amount of disease inoculum in the farm.

    1. Hello Arjun ji,
      Exactly, this is the serious problem in mid hill districts. They acts as a innoculum for infestation in the farm. so they should be removed.
      Thanks for your compliments.

  28. Hello Madan,
    You are inspiring figure for the youth. You have contributed so much of your time and efforts for putting forward the agendas of youth and agriculture in national and international forums. I am happy to see your initative of farming citrus in the rural village of Nepal. Be good, Do Good
    With love,

  29. I like your idea of installing water harvesting tanks and drip irrigation in the rainfed areas. I am sure you will not miss this opportunity to invest in your village.

    1. Thanks Geena Madam,
      collecting rain water in the summer and using it to irrigate in winter is the best way to meet the water demand of the plants so I am planning to execute this plan.

  30. Hello Madan
    It’s an innovative approach to tackle the citrus decline. Actually we don’t have strict quarantines and laws for citrus growers which makes it easy to transport the virus and bacteria easily. Research has shown that the orchard should be inspected atleast twice a year removing the dead and disease symptom plants.

    1. Thanks Yuwa Raj for your nice compliments.
      Quarantines in not only national level but also in regional level should be promoted. The movement of disease from one region to another should be stopped. We generally practice once a year inspection for removing disease and dead plant during winter management practices.


  31. Dear Madan,
    Pointing few suggestions on your idea
    1. Marketing matters today. I wonder if you had made marketing strategy to take the product to the market. As you are planning to use labelling and packaging, your market should obviously focus on food stores, resturants and shopping centres. Is these facilities feasible?
    2. Transportation is critical. As I see, you are connected with road nearby your farm. Is it black topped or graveled? How easy it is to get transportation services?
    Good luck with it !

    1. Thanks Yunil for your comments.
      1. Yes exactly, Marketing is critical today. Thanks for reminding this part. I was not so much conscious on this issue. I don’t have marketing strategy yet and soon I will have it but I have made a market survey few months ago..
      2. We are connected with the stone gravelled road 10KM away from the highway in the farm..


  32. Your passion and love for farm is admirable brother. Agricultural revolution in Nepal is in dire need of aspiring youths like you. All the best dear. Well presented!

  33. A good concept to increase the productivity of Citrus farming in Nepal. It would be a huge lift if it can be outreached to all hill districts with constraint of infrastructure.

  34. Nice initiative brother. Love to see villagers getting global exposure.. Good luck ahead

  35. दाईको काम एकदमै मन पर्यो ! युवाले नै कृषि को अनुहार फेर्न सक्छन ! हातेमालो गरि अगाडी बढ्नु पर्छ !

    1. टुल्के दाई ! धन्यवाद तपाईको सहयोगको लागि ! युवा बिना देशको विकास अकल्पिनाएं छ !

  36. Dear Madan,

    Nice project you are leading with. I am curious about the situation of citrus greening in your locality. How often do you remove the infected plant and how do you find whether it is by greening or any other disease.
    I also have few mandarin plants in my homegarden and I am not getting good fruits nowadays..


    1. Hello Swagat,

      Talking about the situation of citrus greening, the infestation has been seen in 5-10 trees in my orchard and we removed it completely from orchard and used it only for firewood purpose.

      We are recovering it somehow…
      lets see the following years..


  37. Hello Madan dai,
    I think this is what present citrus farming needs for its upliftment from this decline and other problems. Your idea look much realistic and effective in present scenario. I’m very sure your start up will help hundreds of other farmers facing this problem and improve the citriculture in country.
    Good Luck bro!!

    1. Hello Anil Bhai,
      Thanks for adding your compliments. Yes, it’s a serious problem for which youth should take a look..

      Thanks for your support

  38. मदन जी,
    तपाइको प्रोजेक्ट सारै मन पर्यो ! आइले सुन्तलाको उत्पादन एकदम घट्दो छ ! येसमा नत सरकारको ध्यान गएको छ न त जनता कै ! अब १० वर्ष भित्रै नेपालको सुन्तला भनेर भन्न नापौला जस्तो लाग्छ !
    राम्रो कम गर्नु होला !
    मेरो सुभकामना

    1. हेल्लो स्वागत जी,
      धन्यवाद तपाईको सहयोगको लागि ! सचिनै अहिले भारतको सुन्तला चैत्र सम्म पाहिन्छ तर नेपाली सुन्तला मंगसिर मै सकिन्छ ! यो समस्या समाधान गर्न हामी सबै जुट्नु पर्छ नत्र तपाईले भने जस्तै १० वर्ष मा सुन्तला सखाप नहोला भन्न सकिदैन !

  39. तपाई हामी जस्तै युवाको सोचले अबस्य नेपाली सुन्तला बिसो बजारमा पराउने छ !

    1. सहि कुरो गर्नु भयो सुशील जी ! अबस्य एकदिन नेपाली सुन्तलाले त्यो स्थान पाउने छ !

  40. Hope your startup inspire who want to getup on their feet with their own initiative.
    Keep it up.

  41. I have visited your area and I see lots of potential in Citrus farm, probably the best agro-climatic reason for its cultivation in Nepal. You have done an exemplary work Madan dai, good luck with your project.

    1. Thanks Kafle,

      As you have visited all the surrounding citrus farms, you might have realized how critical it is to address it.. Together we should give a fresh mandarin look.. thanks for compliments..

  42. Over the horizon, you are coming through new waves of innovation for the integrated rural developmental. The pockets area of citrus in the mid hill district should be priotrized for research and development. They need renovation in the orchard through plantation of new resistant mandarin plants.

    1. Thanks for your motivation Mr. Bimal. That’s for sure, the pockets area of citrus needs renovation through research and development. We have very less on molecular and genetical level..

  43. Grafted rootstocks plants are resistant for fungal root diseases. They absorb water from deeper layer of soil and support the plants for long life. The scion or the overground part of the grafted plant which is taken from the mother plant which is vigorous, devoid of disease symptom yields high quality fruits.

    1. Thanks for adding your inputs Bimala. Perfect combination of rootstock and scion will have dual function of increasing productivity and fighting the decline..

  44. Hello Madan,

    I really appreciate your idea of establishing mandarin farm in the remote villages of Nepal. The hilly rural areas income is based on the production of fruits and medicinal plants so such initiative should be given priority.
    Good luck

    1. Thanks Bindu,
      Yeah the rural mid hills economy specially in my district is dependent on cereals, citrus and other high value crops like coffee, ginger, turmeric, vegetables etc.. Obviously, the developmental program should be based on its potential crops grown in that area..

  45. Thanks everyone for such a nice engagement. I might not be able to explain with answers to all of your queries however I will try my best to explain my project details. If you have any specific queries you can get in touch with me via email cashsee.maddy(at)gmail(dot)com

  46. To meet the objective of orchard management local resource based inter cultural operation should be done. Exotic plants which takes off high nutrients from the soil should not be used.

  47. Hello Madan,

    Excellent work ! Your work will surely inspire lots of rural youth to open farm in the villages. Take a lead in this initiative.

  48. Banja, राम्रो काम गर्दै छौ ! घरमा सुन्तला धेरै फलाउ ~! मेरो सुभकामना !

  49. farming is the biggest profession on the earth and agricultural is the greatest revolution in the world. take the future of farming to the next level with sustainable approach.

  50. Organic farm is the best way to sustain our food system preserving biodiversity and local innovation. I like your idea of growing mandarins organically..

  51. Make sure you bring new graftings from nursery from height above 1600m. Lower belt nursery are infested with diseases and pest..

  52. You are so laborious, working in the farm with those equipment might be so much paining sometimes.. Don’t you feel so?

    1. Hello Aakriti,

      Farming is my tradition handed from my forefathers generation to my generation and I am proud to have farm besides it back breaking and laborious job.. I enjoy being with the nature..

  53. Good one Madan. I would like to add few of the compliments.
    Mulching in the rainfed areas will save the moisture of the soil. Mulching can either be of leaves or small branches, anything that has high carbon content. C:N ratio should be high because it help to preserve the soil moisture for long period of time as the mulch have high carbon content where decomposition will be slow

    1. Thanks Aashbin,

      Wao, Thanks for mentioning about the importance of mulching, I got to know how C:N ratio determines the moisture holding capacity of mulch,, Thanks for sharing,

  54. me too have citrus orchard in my home and these days problem of cirtus declining has been observed such as dieback disease.I think it’s our responsibility to find out solution on time.citrus farming could be a good source of income for nepalese farmers.
    well done madan dai..I like your concept.

    1. Thanks Susma,
      Oh really !
      How is the level of infestation in your orchard?
      Yeah, Hope you will also contribute towards its research and development as an agriculturist.
      Thanks for your complements !

  55. I like your too have citrus orchard in my home and these days problem of cirtus declining has been observed such as dieback disease.I think it’s our responsibility to find out solution on time.citrus farming could be a good source of income for nepalese farmers.

  56. Hello Madan dai! Hats off to your initiative!
    Your article truely presents the current situation of mandarin growers throughout the country, where mandarin farms have not only been facing the problems of diseases, pests, etc but also the total collapse of the farm as I have experienced in my family farm in Tanahun. It’s not been that long when we used to earn about NRs.50000per year selling this fruit, but to our dismay, last year, we had to buy them for our family consumption as well. If this situation prevails, we are not far from that day when mandarin farms all over the country totally collapse.
    Your initiative certainly boost up the will of agriculture students like me to reinvigorate the farms and i hope that we’ll find a solution to these citrus declining problems soon enough.
    And i believe that your participation in GCARD3 will be a milestone to do so. I wish you all the very best!

    1. Hello Kabita Baini,

      The condition is now becoming critical in Gandaki zone which is the production pocket of different citrus species. Special thanks for your interest to reinvigorate and dedication to be a problem solver.

      Hope it will make it to #GCARD3
      Thanks for your wishes

  57. its always been good to hear from a young like you being involved in such innovative projects….definately its a serious problem in mandarin in most hilly part of nepal…keep it up …if u need any help regarding this project,consult me ..i will b grateful

    1. Oh really,

      Sad to hear that… Can I know how you are managing the farm in your orchard? I will love to hear your practices for disease pest management.

  58. I suggest you to invest on machineries like small tractors, grading machine, gardening tools, drip irrigation system and weeding equipment.

    1. Thanks Suraj,
      I am planing to buy drip irrigation this year.. We have gardening tools and we might invest for tractor next year..
      Thanks for your sugggestions !

  59. Cool job. The world can not be conquered in the empty stomach. Keep feeding the planet.

  60. To get started with this risky business, you need to think twice. You should do lots of research in your farm to understand the disease and find an appropriate solution for that.

    1. Thanks Anu,

      Yes it’s risky business. Thanks for your suggestions, I will surely carry research together with the business. Thanks for stopping by and commenting on my proposal..

  61. Hi Madan
    Good concept, Good luck for renovation of citrus orchard with grafted sapling which is resistant to certain virus, It could be even better to establish the grafting house in your orchard. Your what u want in ur orchard and rest sale for new grower. It have good result, We know good seed/seedling is never second in agriculture ..
    All the best
    (YAP Proposal #10)

    1. Hello Himalaya,

      Thanks for stopping by and commenting on my proposal. Establishing nursery will be problematic in the orchard. I am planning to establish it after few years at a convenient height.


  62. great one Madan…its good to see young people like us taking an initiative to counteract prevailing huge but solvable problems like these. Whats brilliant about it is that you took a very genuine and common degradation that has for many years affected your family and community and i hope you’ll make some dent on it. its challenging yes,but i see so many possibilities!!…good going mate

    1. Thanks Mr. Bishal for sharing your insights.. It’s a very common and serious issue in Nepal and few people only sees it with great concern.. 🙂

  63. Very realistic project in the present situation of Nepal where we need to import tons of fruits from neighboring countries. Good luck ahead. !

  64. nice one
    When every students start to think for developing their own area, surely Nepal will develop within few years. Keep it up !

    1. Thanks Kiran bhai,
      Very few agriculturist want to be entrepreneur in Nepal. Youth are not motivated towards farming.. Holistic approach of university is required for engaging students is required for motivating students to be entrepreneurs through different academics activities like LEE as of Agriculture and Forestry University. Hope this LEE will be effective and practical learning.

  65. that is the best idea brother.
    we also spread the knowledge of agriculture and the entrepreneurship ko improtance in devoloping country…
    and keep it up and up brother..

    1. Sandesh, thank you so much for your support.

      People like you have great role and opportunities in developing entrepreneurial skills development..

  66. Nice presentation of current situation ! To change the status quo, youth should take a lead as a national level campaign… Best Wishes

  67. I would like to congratulate Madan on proposing such a beautiful project. He has dared to present the pain of citrus farmers and has spoken up why they are failing. The best part of the project I have felt is that he has already own the orchard and already into a mission to make it model agriculture practice. His idea of increasing income via inter cropping, focus on increasing value of production by packaging and aware of the post harvest loss has simply added maturity in the proposal . I wish him all best for the success of this plan so that we Nepalese can learn and share to other other parts of Nepal.

  68. This proposal worth a real entrepreneur project. Everything is nicely explained and he already have got farm to get start…Good luck !!!!

  69. Nice dream that you are holding in your mind.. Very reliastic and relevant thing you are executing.. Hope you will get support by this funding… Good luck !

  70. Reblogged this on bhandariupakar and commented:
    Citrus is the major fruit crop in the mid hills of Nepal. However, The Citrus Greening disease infestation has increased alarmingly in recent years making it a biggest concern for mid-hill farmers. Support my friends vision to combat the disease for supporting the livelihood and his dream of transforming his village into a model citrus village. Follow the link,add your view by commenting on it,support his mindset by liking it and Let the world know his vision through your sharing.

  71. Hello Madan,

    Citrus decline is serious in Nepal and it needs a quick address with its solutions from different sector. Anyway you started with the farm, take it to the next level !
    Good luck !

  72. धेरै राम्रो लग्यो तिमि जस्तो युवाको सुन्तला खेति तर्फ आकर्सन देखेर !

  73. Nice work dude. Citrus research is very limited in Nepal. You have the opportunity to carry the research on your farm…. ! 🙂

  74. You village looks nice, those homes on the video are impressive. You are enjoying in the true nature.. good luck with your proposal

  75. Good job Madan ! I am happy to go through your project proposal and make some comments. The way you presented everything is nice. You can still integrate other components of income in your orchard for early phase. I see big prospects of beekeeping in the orchards as this not only produce honey but also helps in pollination. BTW, Have you prepared the saplings to plant this summer? Make sure the graft should be atleast 10cm high from the ground level..
    My best wishes are with you !

    Yadav Ojha

    1. Thanks YADAV sir,
      I highly appreciate your recommendation of rearing honeybees in the orchard.. It’s really a nice idea as it not only produce honey but also helps in pollination.. I will surely follow your recommendation on saplings… I am planning to plant it this summer..


  76. Technically, your proposal stands a good position in my view. The way you separated the headings for different sections and flow of the information is quite impressive. I hope you will make it ! Best of luck for it !

  77. Investment in youth is essential in country like Nepal. The development of entrepreneurship in the viillage will certainly slow down the rate of migration to foreign countries.

    1. Thanks Suman,

      Investment in rural youth is crucial for developing agriculture where food comes from small holder farmers.. Rural young people should have access to information, facilitated with proper mentoring

  78. great work bro…
    i am impressed by your enthusiasum in the major citrus problem in our courty… hope your small effort help be bring the greater change in citrus cultivation.

  79. If every youth start initiative from their area, citing problems prevalent there, then definitely agripreneurship will flourish in Nepal rendering agriculture beautiful way of living. 🙂 Hats off Madan bro !

  80. it’s really great thing. hope ur research will be fruitful n help to enhance the citrus production in western Nepal.. keep on dai 👍👍

  81. Wish you all the best . I hope your contribution will uplift the status of nepalese farmering system and whole Nepal.

  82. Wish you best of luck bro. I hope your contribution will fruitful to all citrus grower farmer . and it will uplift the status of nepalese farming system.

  83. Integrated orchard management is only the solution to get rid of from this problem,however,it may require detail study and research on it.

  84. It’s very good works you are doing to attack many youth of Nepal. You are giving the idea of Mandarin farming to many people. Best of luck.

  85. great job dai. hats off to ur efforts. youth enterpreneurs with strong determination as yours will certainly help the nation find a broader path for agricultural development. Further, yours deeds will surely inspire us .
    with best wishes dai.

  86. I went through each paragraph and found the proposal very very attractive. A youth Promoting agro entrepreneurship, its really a great start. Wish u all the best for upcoming days.

  87. Dear Madan, Well concept to bring out a general problem in such pocket area of Mandarin. All the best for the actualization of you proposal and healthy, high yielding, profitable and youth focused, Mandarin farm..

  88. Good initiative, “Seeing is Believing ” local farmers will believe and move towards scientific cultivation of citrus from its success…Best of luck

  89. Our country needs Agri-entrepreneurs like you!!! It really needs some gut to start an agribusiness on a country where farmers’ risks are not safeguarded and farmers’ rights are not protected.
    Grow quality mandarins bro! All the best!
    May nepalese youths get inspired from you!

  90. Nice to know about your work. Citrus is midhills major crop but now the plants are dead and only few orchards are declining.. Hope people like you will do research in this

  91. Nepal needs youth like you who want to be part of solution not the part of problem. Nice work Madan !
    Hope you will get funding !

  92. wish you good luck madan dai for your amazing concept.At this time many nepalesae youth are going abroad.Your idea can give them good reason to return here and do somthing nice work like this.

  93. You are trying to work in the grassroot level. I like your idea to make your orchard evergreen ! You are doing nice investment in it ,,,

  94. Great work brother ! The citrus decline is major problem in Asia and it need to be addressed soon !

  95. “be job provider not the job seeker”. this line can change the fortune of nepal.keep going madan dai. good job.good concept

  96. citrus fruit in my village falls early, how to control fruit fall of it?any suggestions?????

  97. If your area is rainfed, you should invest on water collection technology,,,, collection of rain water, collection of other water resources can be a great help..

  98. You are proposing nice concept to regenerate the citrus orchard… hope you will be successful in this,,

  99. If properly implemented, this plan would be a boon for the citrus farmers for midhills in nepal.

  100. As per my thought and knowledge, the most easy and effective way for its prevention is the use of the seedlings from nursery above 1300 m and frequent training and prunning. THese technique can be implemented in almost all parts of country irrespective of the technical skills and infrastructure availability.

  101. I think the citrus decline is the most problematic issue for the farmers in the mid hills of the country, And the major problem is it is spreading at an alarming rate. I m glad that youth like you are raising this issue among the global community. Hats off man but still its long way to go.

  102. Is the technology and budget required for drip irrigation system feasible in all the landforms suitable for citrus farming?? how will you outreach this technology among all the farmers??

  103. I must say that this is an amazing concept and can give new vision for new agriculture students like me.Keep doing creative works like this.good luck for your project.

  104. Excellent work Madan,
    You choose to be in rural area and dedicated to establish organic citrus farm which is really impressive. I wish you all the best

  105. This concept of rejuvenating declining citrus orchard will surely bring new revolution among citrus growers in Nepal.. good luck for proposal..

  106. Highly appreciate your work ! Your proposal explains the real picture of citrus in Nepal. This problem should immediately be addressed. I pray for your success !

  107. It can be the nice approach to bring back the migrated youth in their villages. Rural area requires immediate attention. !

  108. Your work is amazing.. Keep developing your village so that youth will be motivated from your works,, Be a role model.. all the best..

  109. Cool Work bro, your work will certainly motivate people like me…. You are really doing great …. 🙂

  110. Hello Madan,

    It’s nice to see your ongoing project of citrus.. Citrus greening has become a pandemic disease which has no known cure yet.. I hope your project will find out something interesting about this disease.

    Good Luck

  111. This is an amazing and basic concept for regenerating declining citrus trees.. Apply bordeux mixture once a month.

  112. I like your idea of organic farming.. Organic products have high value and return is also high…

  113. That is very good technique to lift up the status of marginalised farmer in context of nepal, good job.

  114. Its really a inspiring and motivating work and i like to appreciate bro…. it can leave a good footstep for the coming generations of agri entrepreneurs… keep it up bro…

  115. Very convincing proposal. Attention of concerned authority must have been drawn to keep this proposal in higher priority. Our motivation with this good work.

  116. Excited to know your work.. Citrus fruit are my besties.. when you will invite me to stay at your farm? 😉

  117. Your project is nice, well explained and critically analyzed every components. ! Best of luck for YAP..

  118. You are the change maker.. I will support for your rural youth movement.. best of luck for the funding…

  119. As you have written that your focus will be on planting resistant plants. How will you get them?

  120. Hello Madan,
    Nice project. This is unique idea for citrus cultivation. I like your approach of integration with short duration crops and mulching. Best of luck

  121. Citrus greening, die back , fruit fly are the major problems here in Nepal. The problems faced by the citrus growers needs an immediate solutions else disease will be spread all over the Nepal.

  122. Hello Madan dai,

    Your project is really amazing. I am happy to see you working in the field to make the farm best with your knowledge and experiences. I hope this concept will be scaled up to many different citrus growing regions of Nepal..

    All the best

  123. Don’t you think it will be too much of things to be accomplished in 2 years?

    “next 2 years will be to reduce the level of infestation of different citrus diseases by planting resistant grafting varieties, removing the old/decayed citrus plants, refilling with new grafting saplings, healthy management of orchard, integrated pest management and increasing the farm income by product packaging & labelling, establishment of drip irrigation system and water harvesting tanks in the orchard.”

  124. Hello Madan,
    Nice project. This is unique idea for citrus cultivation. I like your approach of integration with short duration crops and mulching. Best of luck

  125. Have you made contact with Nepal Horticulture Society (NHS)? They are also working in citrus decline… You can make a contact with them about the status of greening in Nepal..

  126. Hello Madan,

    I liked your project. I was wondering what will be the time for return on investment of this grants?

  127. Hey mate,
    I must say that your project idea made a strange feeling in my mind. I will always be there for any kind of support. Keep growing oranges in the hills…:)

  128. Citrus greening, die back , fruit fly are the major problems here in Nepal. The problems faced by the citrus growers needs an immediate solutions else disease will be spread all over the Nepal.

  129. Citrus disease is spreading world wide at epidemic level.. It should be controlled else all citrus will be vanished soon..

  130. Hello Madan,
    Nice project. This is unique idea for citrus cultivation. I like your approach of integration with short duration crops and mulching. Best of luck

  131. Have patience Madan, You will soon reach the success. Patience is required during startup..

  132. Citrus greening, die back , fruit fly are the major problems here in Nepal. The problems faced by the citrus growers needs an immediate solutions else disease will be spread all over the Nepal.

  133. Good work Madan
    Truely said citrus growers life is in jeopardy. Nepalese markets are full of indian and chinese products… Nepalese citrus industry is decreasing. It needs innovators like you…

  134. Hello Madan,
    Nice project. This is unique idea for citrus cultivation. I like your approach of integration with short duration crops and mulching. Best of luck

  135. Citrus greening, die back , fruit fly are the major problems here in Nepal. The problems faced by the citrus growers needs an immediate solutions else disease will be spread all over the Nepal.

  136. our country Nepal is facing the problem of citrus Greening which ultimately is destroying our citrus orchard. Improved management practices need to be practiced !!!!!
    A very good effort Madan simply its best to re-vitalise the citrus orchard so that craze of citrus just don’t fade away !!!!!!!!😃 😊 😊 😊

  137. I do like your story of citrus, That disease is making huge loss in citrus industry,,Hope you will find solutions for it,,..

  138. Hello brother,

    I like your concept. It’s really a good effort of yours to regenerate trees. Good luck with your program,,,

  139. Nepal is facing the problem of disease and pest due to different climatic stresses.. The rainfed areas are seriously affected by the drought leading to less productivity of the crops and plants.

  140. people are really exhausted of citrus greening
    plants need to be cut down during the major production time
    can’t imagine the time when all citrus farm will be infected.

  141. Hello madan,
    I liked your presentation and sense of exploring what we can do from locally available products while most youngs in nepal are going aboard. You are model to youngsters in Nepal, Keep inspiring peoples.

  142. The project you are leading is impressive which can uplift economic status of rural farmers.. You are creating synergy with the nature by following sustainable land management technology which is really impressive.

  143. Being in the rural areas you can do much to motivate youth towards the citrus business. Best of luck for the project.. you owned it by blood and sweat..

  144. I have read about other proposals as well, but your is different and it worth the funding support.. Most of them are hypothetical and lacks entrepreneurial ideas…

  145. Hello Madan,

    you are doing great even though you are in bachelors level.. your working enthusiasm is really praise worthy,,give it your best.

  146. amazing inspirational purposal !!Many youth like us will be motivated ..changes should start from own land…great job !! best of luck bro …

  147. Nice job bro!! Country like ours need active youth like you..really inspiring work you have done..good luck bro!!

  148. Nice work. I love the way you make me realize the real situation and status of citrus in Nepal.

  149. The degrading soil and increasing impact of climate change made the livelihood of people of midhills who mostly depend on agriculture for their livelihood. I like you project and your idea for coping the challenges through sustainable solutions. Good luck ahead.

  150. proud of you doing such things bro.. as you are working through the potential of Nepal
    you are ideal of the current youth.. keep it up brother.. and good luck..

  151. it will be great if you have local support.. Build strong linkage with the community, its must in rural areas

  152. Technically appealing project for the YAP, have a safe journey for JHB, you will surely make it..

  153. Nepal needs energetic youth like you who can turn barren land into fertile green scenery,

  154. Advertisement, knowledge sharing and field demonstration is critical for this project implementation

  155. you need to manage support from related stakeholders of citrus value chain. let me know if you need support from my level. good luck

  156. the increasing impact of climate change on citrus has been seen in early harvesting of fruits in mid hills of Nepal, How is the status in your area?

  157. Citrus which are infected with greening are often used as stake for cucumbers and climbers in village which is main reason for its spread.

  158. nice and inspiring proposal. your proposal stands unique infront of the crowd. best wishes brother ! 🙂

  159. organic production will sustain the world, not the artificial chemical production. I love your nature supporting approach

  160. This will promote youth interest towards field work, and will create lots of opportunities in rural area. Nice work and dedication. Keep it up

  161. True aspirations, worthy diligence , the way you have described it is, really really relevant…
    A very best example of agri-entrepreneurship…
    I wish u very best bro…
    Hats off to project 🙂

  162. citrus decline is taking off large citrus orchards in Nepal. I needs immediate attention from national to international level

  163. It is really a good initiation . WE must increase the no of youth entrepreneurs before dreaming about a prosperous nation.

  164. Nice work MAdan. YOur step has really shown a hope of agricultural revolution . Lets unite youths !!

  165. This is what a nation expects from a youths like you!!!! This is the real expression of patriotism.We are proud of u.

  166. BY trying this, you have now become a hope for millions of youths across the nation. Let your success story be a source of inspiration to many youths .

  167. You are doing inspiring works for youth like me. The investment on bachelors level will certainly reduce the number of graduates migration

  168. Fruits cultivation is a really challenging job!!! BUt i hope youth with this vigour and enthusiasm will definitely do it well. all the best lad!!!

  169. Nice plan of action. You vision for citrus will certainly bring positive results on citrus farming in Nepal

  170. mandarins are eally some taste. I will definitely prefer it from ur farm rather than the imported ones. But dont compromise with the quality.a

  171. You are talented in many fields, you can integrate lots of knowledge in this project. all the best

  172. मेहेनत गरेर सुन्तला फलाउ . मेहेनत को फल मिठो हुन्chha

  173. People like you shall take the Nepalese agriculture forward. Our country is in strong shoulders.

  174. you are a strong lad.Millions obstacles gonna come your way , fight bravely my friend. The whole universe is behind you.

  175. Proud of u brother!!! Such a nice concept and yeah its what we need for profitable and sustainable agriculture . All the best ..

  176. you have much experience in agriculture and climate change. I am happy on how you integrating both knowledge

  177. I am proud of you boy, You are making Nepalese proud by doing remarkable work in citrus.

  178. Midhills are facing water crisis so i hope this project will be very helpful for Rain-Fed fields of Nepal

  179. this much investment will not cover the cost for your project, you need to search additional sponsors or get loan from the bank,, good luck brother!

  180. Agriculture is our backbone.. And its good to see u people going to the field .Best of luck!

  181. Who says there are no oppurtunities in Nepal?? Your work is a solid lesson to those fucking pessimists.All the best dude.

  182. Did you get any new rootstocks which are resistant to root rot and greening? One of the farm is trying on Japanese variety for rootstock.