Empowering Rural Farmers in Farm Mechanization for Cropping System Intensification in Nepal
I am Mr Himalaya Subedi (33 yrs) from Nepal. I am working under CIMMYT Nepal/ CSISA project in capacity of “Research Associate” since 1st February, 2015 and have more than five years of experience in development program and one years of research experience in different parts of Nepal. In CSISA team, we test the agriculture technologies in new area and facilitate to scale best technology in that area for adoption. Similarly I have around 3 years of voluntary teaching experience to youth agriculture practicenors in Agriculture College.
Climate changes increase the drought in agriculture field and desiccation of natural water resources. Crop productions also dramatically reduce due to water scarcity causing the shifting of cereal system to vegetable production in Nepal (Nepal Agriculture Census, 2011). Vegetable are grown in small area and other land remain fallow after rice harvesting most of part in Nepal. Rice is top crop in term of area, production and followed by maize and wheat in Nepal. In few areas; farmers generally grow wheat after rice which usually faces the terminal (drought/heat) stress because of late sowing due to delay in land preparation.
Wheat farming is difficult due to over moisture and under residual soil moisture management after rice harvesting under lowland and upland condition respectively in terai zones of Nepal. The overall, unfavorable climatic condition limits the cereal productive area.
Cereal productivity is directly associated with quality and quantity of food as well as income of rural farmer in Nepal. Agriculture sector contribute around one third of national gross domestic product (GDP) and it is decreasing. Most of active people are migrated to India and third country for seasonal and temporarily labor to earn money for bread. In rural area only old aged, female and children are remained. These people have relatively low physical power to produce the bumper crop yield. Labor scarcity and feminizing in agriculture cause reluctant to cultivate even suitable land.
The unfavorable climatic situation and labor scarcity on agriculture production can be rejuvenated by introduction of appropriate farm machinery and best crop management practices in Nepal. Best crop management practices include training and/or demonstration of short duration crop genotype, different crop management’s practices in crops. Selections of farm machinery are reaper for harvesting of rice, wheat; Jab planter and push row seeder for maize sowing, and zero tillage seed drill for early wheat sowing.
This environment friendly farm machines are fruitful to escape from terminal stress and utilize residual moisture for early germination of wheat in upland condition. Similarly reaper, different seeding machine and zero tillage seed drill reduce the cost of production as well as dragger of work.
Thus, its impact will be notice by increasing the area under wheat, farming became easier and profitable business. Farmers adopt technologies will be mainstreaming in other public privet agencies. Technology sustainability will be assured by; Capacity building of local service providers on new farm machine (so called attachment) maintenance and linking the service provider to ultimate user are key stone of success. It is the first works and cover around 20 percent of total expenses.
Coordination with concern stakeholder, numbers of technology demonstration in commercial pocket area and mass communication through the radio jingle will help the technologies sustainability and adaption. It is second step of works covering around 45 percentage of total project expense. Similarly; the success of the project can be measured by farmer’s response collection while demonstrating the technologies and radio program. Incremental number of reapers and seeding machine sale by traders at local area by trader’s interview or secondary data will be another evidence of successful technology. Most importantly, it can be measured by area under farm machine and counting the technology users. This will be third job covering another 15 percent cost. Remaining budget will be used for reporting and monitoring. Linking the farmer to useful technology which they are still unknown by the project, would be able to create farming interest. This is the main reason why the technology once adopted is no longer needed to be fund regularly and remains sustainable. This project will August, 2016 (rice harvesting) to March-April, 2017 (wheat seeding and harvesting). But if time permit; reaper demonstration can be done this March-April, 2016.
It will be my sole project. Until date, potential area has been identified for demonstration, machinery, technical person and local service provider. I am agriculture development worker and which I acquire the knowledge from different source. I want to serve this technology to ultimate users. Commercialization and mechanization of agriculture sector is my major thrust to develop the concept.
Note: I highly acknowledge the CIMMYT Nepal/CSISA project and Different Agriculture College from where I acquired the knowledge to develop this concept for scaling the best mechanization practices under cereal crop production in virgin rural area in country.
Blogpost and picture submitted by Himalaya Subedi (Nepal) – H.SUBEDI(at)cgiar.org
The content, structure and grammar is at the discretion of the author only.
This post is published as proposal #10 of “YAP” – our “Youth Agripreneur Project”.
The first selection of the winners will be based on the number of comments, likes and views each proposal gets.
As a reader, you can support this speaker’s entry:
- Leave a comment (question, suggestion,..) on this project in the comment field at the bottom of this page
- Support the post by clicking the “Like” button below (only possible for those with a WordPress.com account)
- Spread this post via your social media channels, using the hashtag: #GCARD3
Have a look at the other “YAP” proposals too!
As a donor, support young agripreneurs and sponsor this unique project. Check out the side column for our current sponsors!
“YAP” is part of the #GCARD3 process, the third Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development.